Question My daughter is 15 and one of her breasts is significantly more than a cup size larger than the other. Is there a way to encourage the other breast to catch up? Answer Unfortunately, having the breasts grow at different rates is a normal part of development.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. This essay aims to explore some of the theories behind uneven development trajectories such as is the world becoming flat and time — space compression or alternatively the fact uneven development does occur with competitiveness and knowledge industry.
Secondly this essay will then explain some possible planning strategies and policies that address the issues of uneven development such as land ownership, zoning and bottom up governance. Uneven development occurs across the world and there are many different reasons for different rates growth.
Harvey also shared similar views to Friedman through the idea of time-space compression as a cause to the flattening of the world. It overcomes spatial barriers and opens up new markets through high speed communication, something that Leamer explains as being an important factor to creating even development.
Good communication and technologies enables good knowledge transfer and therefore no need for agglomeration resulting in development that is spread equally. Opposing the above arguments there is the argument that development occurs at uneven trajectories.
The clustering of creative classes in cities and areas of technological advancement leaves uneven distribution of knowledge across a nation Mellander et al. Demand for goods comes from the periphery areas creating the backwash effect. Finally knowledge overflow and increased demand may create growth in periphery areas; this is known as the spread effect.
A Perfect example of this is the silicon valley in California, here a business cluster of innovation and knowledge has resulted in enhanced competition and clustering, creating a core development region and at the same time has periphery regions.
Porter describes the importance of competitiveness in determining development trajectories of a certain region as Competitiveness is global as well as regional. The model is used to analyse the competiveness through four factors, for example customer characteristics etc.
Huggins and Izushi explain how Porters model can be used to create a competitive advantage; it is this advantage that arguably creates different rates of development in cities and regions.
Competitiveness is vital for economic growth however Prasnikar This can be used by governments to monitor and assess the development of regions.
Development rates can differ due to the amount of inward investment a region attracts. It is therefore vital that correct planning and development policies are put in place to ensure cities and regions can develop as one sustainably.
There are several specific development policies that can be put into place in order to address issues associated with uneven development.
As a result many multinationals can gain leverage over governments. As rates of development vary due to context, development should therefore be controlled regionally resulting in differing policy and development plans.
It is therefore suggested that bottom-up planning is introduced; this is more effective as it offers bespoke polies relevant to the characteristics of a region.
Das Explains this will devolve power to regions and cities increasing democracy, as a result this should enhance conditions for sustainable development. A great example where Bottom up planning is being put into action is in England where the introduction of neighbourhood plans though the localism act of has made way for planning that is more deliverable and realistic in achieving sustainable development Chetwyn, This is specifically important in developing counties where often land rights are distributed unfairly and leave land owners sceptical as to whether or not they will be able to retain their land.
By granting Land ownership this creates enterprise, motivation and promotes innovation Lipton, Government intervention plays an important role in the creation of successful development policies; another way of improving the rate of development across a region sustainably is to introduce taxes on land.This essay has displayed some possible reasons for why cities and regions might develop at different rates though theorist such as Florida () and porter (), they suggest that Creative classes and competitiveness create uneven development.
Different Continents, Different Histories Selections from a talk by Professor Jared Diamond, author of Guns, Germs, and Steel Why did human development proceed at such different rates on different continents for the last 13, years?.
The megacities of the developing world, confronted by nearly intractable problems, have a pervasive and crucial need for policies and socio-technological and socio-economic approaches that must be devised in a different context than that of the developed world -- a context with different settings, different needs, different challenges, and.
1. Why focus on growth and change?
Explaining the growth and change of regions and cities is one of the great challenges for social science. Cities or regions, like any other geographical scale of the economic system, have complex economic development processes that . How and why do countries develop in different ways?
Home Free Essays Why Do Cities Develop At Different Rates.
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