See Article History Alternative Title: With the exception of Tennessee, Missouri has more neighbouring states than any other U. Louis in the east, where it joins the Mississippi. Missouri was the name of a group of indigenous people who lived in the area at the time of European settlement; the French named the river after the native communityand the river, in turn, gave its name to the state.
Timeline of the Napoleonic era Napoleon 's retreat from Russia in The war swings decisively against the French Empire The Napoleonic Wars were a series of major conflicts from to pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon Iagainst a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitionsfinanced and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and its resultant conflict. Later efforts were less successful. Inthe French invasion of Russia had massive French casualties, and was a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars.
Later that year, he escaped exile and began the Hundred Days before finally being defeated at the Battle of Waterloo and exiled to Saint Helenaan island in the South Atlantic Ocean.
After Napoleon's defeat, the Congress of Vienna was held to determine new national borders. The Concert of Europe attempted to preserve this settlement was established to preserve these borders, with limited impact. Latin American independence[ edit ] The Chilean Declaration of Independence on 18 February Most countries in Central America and South America obtained independence from colonial overlords during the 19th century.
InHaiti gained independence from France. In Mexicothe Mexican War of Independence was a decade-long conflict that ended in Mexican independence in Due to the Napoleonic Wars, the royal family of Portugal relocated to Brazil fromleading to Brazil having a separate monarchy from Portugal.
After several rebellions, by the federation had dissolved into the independent countries of GuatemalaEl SalvadorHondurasNicaraguaand Costa Rica. Revolutions of [ edit ] Liberal and nationalist pressure led to the European revolutions of The Revolutions of were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in The revolutions were essentially democratic and liberal in nature, with the aim of removing the old monarchical structures and creating independent nation states.
The first revolution began in January in Sicily. Over 50 countries were affected, but with no coordination or cooperation among their respective revolutionaries. According to Evans and von Strandmannsome of the major contributing factors were widespread dissatisfaction with political leadership, demands for more participation in government and democracy, demands for freedom of the press, other demands made by the working class, the upsurge of nationalism, and the regrouping of established government forces.
The abolitionism movement achieved success in the 19th century. The Atlantic slave trade was abolished inand by the end of the century, almost every government had banned slavery.
The American Civil War took place from Eleven southern states seceded from the United Stateslargely over concerns related to slavery. Lincoln issued a preliminary  on September 22, warning that in all states still in rebellion Confederacy on January 1,he would declare their slaves "then, thenceforward, and forever free.
Five days after Robert E. Inthe Great Bosnian uprising against Ottoman rule occurred. Inthe Principality of Serbia became suzerain from the Ottoman Empireand init passed a Constitution which defined its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
InBulgarians instigate the April Uprising against Ottoman rule. Taiping Rebellion[ edit ] A scene of the Taiping Rebellion. The Taiping Rebellion was the bloodiest conflict of the 19th century, leading to the deaths of 20 million people. Its leader, Hong Xiuquandeclared himself the younger brother of Jesus Christ and developed a new Chinese religion known as the God Worshipping Society.
After proclaiming the establishment of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom inthe Taiping army conquered a large part of China, capturing Nanjing in Inafter the death of Hong Xiuquan, Qing forces recaptured Nanjing and ended the rebellion.
Meiji Restoration[ edit ] Main article: Meiji Restoration During the Edo periodJapan largely pursued an isolationist foreign policy.
Perry threatened the Japanese capital Edo with gunships, demanding that they agree to open trade. This led to the opening of trade relations between Japan and foreign countries, with the policy of Sakoku formally ended in Further reforms included the abolishment of the samurai class, rapid industrialization and modernization of government, closely following European models.The economy of the United States is a highly developed mixed economy.
It is the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and the second-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). It also 19th century. Washburn and Moen Manufacturing Company in Worcester, Massachusetts, Mar 06, · Can you name the notable people of the 19th century, by completing their names*?
By , much of the nation's railroad system was in place. The railroad opened the way for the settlement of the West, provided new economic opportunities, stimulated the development of town and communities, and generally tied the country together.
U.S. educational and occupational wage differentials were exceptionally high at the dawn of the twentieth century and then decreased in several stages over the next eight decades.
But starting in the early s the labor market premium to skill rose sharply and by the college wage premium was. Peter Hart History U. S. Economy in the 19th Century The Industrial Revolution first took place in Britain where it spread like wild fire.
The 19th century was a century that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, The 19th century saw large amounts of social change; slavery was abolished, and the Second Industrial Revolution led to massive urbanization and much higher levels of productivity, profit and prosperity.
European imperialism brought much of Asia and almost all of Africa under colonial rule.