After this section you should have a basic understanding of the key elements of a song structure, and how to create a song structure using the basic elements. Creating a song structure can be as easy or as complicated as you like. The good news is, that MOST songs in popular genres normally only utilise between 3 and 6 different sections or parts.
Outro music The conclusion or outro of a song is a way of ending or completing the song. It signals to the listeners that the song is nearing its close. The reason for having an outro is that if a song just ended at the last bar of a section, such as on the last verse or the last chorus, this might feel too abrupt for listeners.
By using an outro, the songwriter signals that the song is, in fact, nearing its end. This gives the listeners a good sense of closure. For DJsthe outro is a signal that they need to be ready to mix in their next song. In general, songwriters and arrangers do not introduce any new melodies or riffs in the outro.
However, a melody or riff used throughout the song may be re-used as part of an outro. Generally, the outro is a section where the energy of the song, broadly defined, dissipates. For example, many songs end with a fade-outin which the song gets quieter and quieter.
In many songs, the band does a ritardando during the outro, a process of gradually slowing down the tempo. Both the fade-out and the ritardando are ways of decreasing the intensity of a song and signalling that it is nearing its conclusion. For an outro that fades out, the arranger or songwriter typically repeats a short section of the music over and over.
This can be the chorus, for example. An audio engineer then uses the fader on the mixing board to gradually decrease the volume of the recording. When a tribute band plays a cover song that, in the recorded version ends with a fade-out, the live band may imitate that by playing progressively quieter.
Another way many pop and rock songs end is with a tag. There are two types of tags: With an instrumental tag, the vocalist no longer sings, and the band's rhythm section takes over the music to finish off the song.
A tag is often a vamp of a few chords that the band repeats. In a jazz song, this could be a standard turnaroundsuch as I-vi-ii-V7 or a stock progression, such as ii-V7.
If the tag includes the tonic chord, such as a vamp on I-IV, the bandleader typically cues the last time that the penultimate chord a IV chord in this case is played, leading to an ending on the I chord.
If the tag does not include the tonic chord, such as with a ii-V7 tag, the bandleader cues the band to do a cadence that resolves onto the tonic I chord.
With an instrumental and vocal tag, the band and vocalist typically repeat a section of the song, such as the chorus, to give emphasis to its message. In some cases, the vocalist may use only a few words from the chorus or even one word.
Some bands have the guitar player do a guitar solo during the outro, but it is not the focus of the section; instead, it is more to add interesting improvisation.
A guitar solo during an outro is typically mixed lower than a mid-song guitar solo. Elision[ edit ] An elision is a section of music where different sections overlap one another, usually for a short period.
It is mostly used in fast-paced music, and it is designed to create tension and drama. Songwriters use elision to keep the song from losing its energy during cadencesthe points at which the music comes to rest on, typically on a tonic or dominant chord. If a song has a section that ends with a cadence on the tonic, if the songwriter gives this cadence a full bar, with the chord held as a whole note, this makes the listener feel like the music is stopping.
However, if songwriters use an elided cadencethey can bring the section to a cadence on the tonic, and then, immediately after this cadence, begin a new section of music which overlaps with the cadence. Another form of elision would, in a chorus later in the song, to interject musical elements from the bridge.
Solo music A solo is a section designed to showcase an instrumentalist e. Guitar solos are common in rock musicparticularly heavy metal and in the blues. The solo section may take place over the chords from the verse, chorus, or bridge, or over a standard solo backing progression, such as the bar blues progression.
In some pop songs, the solo performer plays the same melodies that were performed by the lead singer, often with flourishes and embellishments, such as riffs, scale runs, and arpeggios.
In blues- or jazz-influenced pop songs, the solo performers may improvise a solo. Ad lib[ edit ] In Latin, ad libitum means "at will"; this is often shortened to ad lib. During an ad lib section, the rhythm may become freer with the rhythm section following the vocalistor the rhythm section may stop entirely, giving the vocalist the freedom to use whichever tempo sounds right.
During live performances, singers sometimes include ad libs not originally in the song, such as making a reference to the town of the audience or customizing the lyrics to the current events of the era. There is a distinction between ad lib as a song section and ad lib as a general term.Burns said the song was an old one and he was simply the first to write it down.
Burns sent the poem to the Scots Musical Museum in – but he told them he didn’t actually compose it himself. A bridge isn’t a requirement but it can add a lot of strength to your song.
Record your song. A simple piano/vocal or guitar/vocal can often be the most effective emotional statement of your song. If you wrote a Rock song, do an “unplugged” version. You don’t need lots of strings and synths – in fact, these can detract.
Get Your Free Songwriting E-Book. Creating A Winning Song Structure. What you should get from this section: After this section you should have a basic understanding of the key elements of a song structure, and how to create a song structure using the basic elements. The verse/chorus/bridge song form is one of those, and it expands the musical and lyrical possibilities of the simple verse/chorus structure.
The Purpose of the Bridge A bridge in songwriting is a section that differs melodically, rhythmically, and lyrically from the rest of the song. Pearson Prentice Hall and our other respected imprints provide educational materials, technologies, assessments and related services across the secondary curriculum.
Jun 17, · How to Write Song Lyrics. In this Article: Article Summary Understanding Common Structures Getting Inspiration Finding Your Words Keeping Music in Mind Wrapping Up Getting Extra Help Sample Lyrics Community Q&A You can have the best song melody in the world, but if your lyrics aren't good, it can drag down your whole song.