When examining the vast literature on critical thinking, various definitions of critical thinking emerge. Here are some samples: To recognize its strengths and weaknesses and, as a result, 2.
Hot links Critical thinking is the process of actively analyzing, evaluating, and synthesizing information gathered from a variety of sources, using a framework designed to lend structure and clarity to the thinking process.
As children think, they use their background knowledge, as well as information gathered from other sources, to draw their own conclusions. One of the challenges when teaching critical thinking skills to English language learners ELLs is helping them develop adequate background knowledge and adequate vocabulary to support this type of higher order thinking.
How can educators teach critical thinking skills? The article Hooked on Thinking by Ann Paziotopoulos and Marianne Kroll, describes critical thinking using a skyscraper analogy.
Using a construct based on Bloom's Taxonomy, the authors compare the different layers of critical thinking see chart below to the different levels of a building. The foundation of the building, or the lowest level of critical thinking, would be represented by such tasks as recalling facts from a story.
At the second level, students might be expected to give a summary or an explanation of a story. At the third level, students would be expected to relate the story to their own lives. At the fourth level, they would compare and contrast elements within the story.
The fifth level would require hypothesizing or creating something new based on the reading. To reach the top of the skyscraper, or the sixth level, students must be able to synthesize the information from the story and then formulate their own opinions.
An important element of higher order thinking is learning to ask critical questions. ELLs in particular need assistance in learning how to ask these types of questions that will enhance their understanding i.
What would have happened to her?
Teachers can begin this process by pre-teaching vocabulary and helping students build background knowledge prior to reading. Suggested Activities Lower Grade Activities In lower grades, the teacher should present this lesson as a whole group activity.
Ensure ELLs receive a list of any challenging vocabulary words they might encounter. It's a good idea to provide an explanation and the meaning for each word before they begin to read the story. Begin to model higher thinking skillsby evaluating your student's different levels of knowledge.
Upper Grade Activities Teachers may choose to first model the first paragraph and then let students work in small groups as they find the main idea. Have students read a story and write several questions for each level adapting Bloom's Taxonomy for use with literature. Have students work in groups to answer the questions they have created.
Hot links This site offers an introduction to different stages of Bloom's Taxonomy theory, as well as methods for applying the theory in lesson plans.Since information literacy and critical thinking are so closely related, it is the job of librarians who are also educators to go beyond merely providing lectures, but strive to cultivate students' thinking skills in order to equip them with necessary strategies to cope with complex problems.
Thinking Critically through Information Literacy. 72 Pages.
Thinking Critically through Information Literacy. Uploaded by. Moira J Bent. connect to download. Get ppt. Thinking Critically through Information Literacy.
Download. Thinking Critically through Information Literacy. Uploaded by. When I first read this sentence, my mind started to try to make connections to envelopes and wondered if tempering had something to do with getting or keeping the glue on the flap.
CRITICAL THINKING AND INFORMATION LITERACY Active Learning and Online Periodical Databases Audio Presentation. Critical thinking depends on knowing relevant content very well and thinking about it, repeatedly. Here are five strategies, consistent with the research, to help bring critical thinking .
Why the Analysis of Thinking is Important. Everyone thinks; it is our nature to do so. But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed, or downright prejudiced.