Religion of Nature, by Matthew Tindal Most English deists downplayed the tensions between their rational theology and that of traditional Christianity. Tindal insisted that he was a Christian deist, as did Thomas Chubb who revered Christ as a divine moral teacher but held that reason, not faith, was the final arbiter of religious belief.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt were mythopoeic societies, while Ancient Greece and Judaic society was vastly more rational in their mindset.
Through this paper we will illustrate the similarities, as well as the differences of these fascinating early civilizations. Approximately BCE civilization rose from disorder in Mesopotamia, the modern day area of Iran and Iraq, and formed what is arguably the first example of human civilization.
It rose upon the banks of the Tigris-Euphrates river, formed by a tribe known as the Sumarians. They were a collections of agriculturally based communities, which coordinated strongly to ease the hardship of farming.
The Isolated area and lack of an understanding of the world around them allowed for mythopoeic thinking. The Mesopotamian region was an unpredictable one.
The Tigris-Euphrates would flood unexpectedly, and oft times quite destructively. As with mythopoeic societies in general their thinking was cyclical, and their views entirely subjective, in that they related everything to themselves.
Their was no regular pattern of time around which to base their lives upon, thus they struggled from event to event, Basing their faith in their gods to get them through each day.
Constant rituals and devout following of their gods brought forth the rising of the sun each day, and to create any hopeful circumstances. Ancient Mesopotamia consisted of Highly organized, independent city-states, each ruled by a mortal king chosen by the Gods, a view you will see is quite different from the ancient Egyptians.
Due to the Ethnic and cultural diversity of the region, city-states were independent of each other and constant rivalries arose. They were a fragmented and disunified civilization, when left to their own device.
The conquered peoples would assume the god of their conqueror and suppress their own. This was true for all but the Assyrians… when they wee conquered they maintained their god, and disavowed the legitimacy of the others. The king, along with the nobels and priests controlled the majority of the land, wich was worked by their slaves.
Their was no room for social-class jumping, in this rigid society. The main interesting aspect of their political system was the concept of accountability. The king was considered a direct reflection of their god on earth. It was his duty to see that the god was kept happy.
If his city-state was suffering, it was seen as the kings failure to do his duty; and he could be removed.
The limited government concept was shared with the Greeks, though not in a mythopoeic context. The priesthood, was powerful and influential in both political and economic matters.
They were also the chief land owners in the region. They believed in an afterlife, however it was cast as a miserable place. Which reflected their overall idea of a chaotic world.
The Sumarians were conquered by the Akkadians, the Akkadians by the Babylonians who were conquered by the Assyrians, who eventually crumbled only to rebuild again to fall to the Babylonians.
Persia conquered the region in BCE and unified it once and for all. Contrasting Mesopotamia, Was the Egyptian civilization. Which arose slightly later on the banks of the Nile River. The Egyptians had several major differences in attitude to the Mesopotamians.
The Nile itself was a sharp contrast to the Tigris-Euphrates. While the Tigris is unpredictable and destructive, the Nile is Quite calm and very predictable.
Unlike the chaotic, unsure Mesopotamian view of time, the Egyptians concept was that of a predictable cycle, based around the annual flooding of the Nile river.
This predictability carried over into the mindset of the entire civilization, in that their goal was to maintain this cycle of predictable events. They saw the Nile as the rebirth of all life, and the rising of sun as the daily rebirth of themselves. Around the middle of the 15th century BCE, rational thinking started to emerge, which would lead to changes in the civilization.Early Civilization This Essay Early Civilization and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on barnweddingvt.com Autor: review • March 17, • Essay • 1, Words (7 Pages) • Views.
click here Energy and Human Evolution by David Price. Please address correspondence to Dr. Price, Carpenter Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY Free western civilization papers, essays, and research papers. "Smith conceived of the process of increasing production as 'division of labor' into more and more steps, with each laborer specializing in a smaller slice of the process.
Free essay example on Ancient Civilizations: Two Ancient Civilizations, the Greek and the Roman, have profoundly influenced the modern cultures that we are part of barnweddingvt.com, otherwise known as the birthplace of Western civilization, had a great time span starting from the Early Bronze Age of BC all the way to the Hellenistic period up to about 30 BC.
Around BCE, the tokens began to be symbols that could be impressed or inscribed in clay to represent a record of land, grain or cattle and a written language was beginning to develop.