Critical thinking a level revision notes

Bloom's 'Taxonomy Of Educational Objectives' was initially the first part published in under the leadership of American academic and educational expert Dr Benjamin S Bloom. Bloom's Taxonomy has since been expanded over many years by Bloom and other contributors notably Anderson and Krathwhol as recently aswhose theories extend Bloom's work to far more complex levels than are explained here, and which are more relevant to the field of academic education than to corporate training and development.

Critical thinking a level revision notes

Variables affecting conformity including group size, unanimity and task difficulty as investigated by Asch. Conformity to social roles as investigated by Zimbardo.

Dispositional explanation for obedience: Explanations of resistance to social influence, including social support and locus of control. Minority influence including reference to consistency, commitment and flexibility.

The role of social influence processes in social change. It is also known as majority influence. The individual changes their views, but it is a temporary change.

Creativity, Thinking Skills, Critical Thinking, Problem solving, Decision making, innovation

For example a person may laugh at a joke because their group of friends find it funny but deep down the person does not find the joke funny. For a study on compliance refer to Asch. Internalisation AO1 Publicly changing behavior to fit in with the group while also agreeing with them privately.

An internal private and external public change of behavior. For a study on internalisation refer to Jenness see below. Identification AO1 Identification occurs when someone conforms to the demands of a given social role in society.

For example, a policeman, teacher or politician. This type of conformity extends over several aspects of external behavior. However, there still be no changed to internal personal opinion. A good example is Zimbardo's prison study.

For example a person may feel pressurised to smoke because the rest of their friends are. Normative influence tends to lead to compliance because the person smokes just for show but deep down they wish not to smoke. This means any change of behavior is temporary. For a study on normative influence refer to Asch.

This explanation tends to lead to internalisation. An example of this is if someone was to go to a posh restaurant for the first time, they may be confronted with several forks and not know which one to use, so they might look to a near by person to see what fork to use first.

For a study on informational influence refer to Jenness see below. Each participant had to make an individual estimate, and then do the same as a group. He found that when the task was carried out in a social group, the participants would report estimates of roughly the same value even though they had previously reported quite different estimates as individuals.

The study was successful in showing majority influence, thus proving that individuals' behavior and beliefs can be influenced by a group. Additionally this is likely to be an example of informational social influence as participants would be uncertain about the actual number of beans in the jar.

Each group was presented with a standard line and three comparison lines. Participants had to say aloud which comparison line matched the standard line in length. In each group there was only one true participant the remaining 6 were confederates. The confederates were told to give the incorrect answer on 12 out of 18 trails.

There are also sampling issues regarding this study as the study was only carried out on men thus the sample was gender bias and therefore the results cannot be applied to females. The sample therefore lacks population validity. As a result they could not give informed consent.New Directions: Reading, Writing, and Critical Thinking (Cambridge Academic Writing Collection) 2nd Edition.

Case study research is the most popular research method for researchers in industrial marketing. However despite a number of attempts the problem of satisfactorily justifying the .


Conceptual Framework. The basis for conceptualizing the technology of food dehydration process’ inclusion in the high school curriculum and in the vocational course offering is to provide an option window for secondary level students to acquire skills and knowledge aside from the basics taught in the other subjects that can lead to a path to entrepreneurship and income generation.

Critical thinking a level revision notes

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